Sunday, January 18, 2009

Glaciers and prominent peaks of Himachal Pradesh

GLACIERS IN HIMACHAL PRADESH




Himalayas have nearly 15,000 glaciers and it is one of the largest continental areas under ice. It is estimated that about 34,000 sq. km., about 18 % of the Himalayas is always covered with ice. An average Himalayan glacier has the capacity of nearly an 11th of a cubic km. But to form a large dam, even a medium glacier can provide enough water. And large glaciers like Gangotri can even fill dams like Bhakhra dam the three times.
But there is not much known about the Himalayan glaciers. There is a very little information about the exact volume of water that is received by the Indian rivers in the form of rain, underground water, snow and water from the melting of glaciers. Generally glaciers start melting in the monsoon season. So this system provides water to those areas or rivers where monsoon is weak, thus maintain the balance very well. This system also provides many rivers a tremendous boost in water level in monsoon season and causes floods. Glaciers are called 'Shigri' in local language. Some of the important glaciers are as under.

Bara Shigri

Bara Shigri is the largest glacier in Himachal Pradesh. It is located in the Chandra valley of Lahaul and it feeds the river Chenab. Bada Shigri glacier is more than 25 km. long and about 3 km. wide. It lies on the middle slopes of the main Himalayan range. It is also aided by many small tributary glaciers. It is surrounded by high mountains from three sides. It is said that this glacier formed Chandertal lake by causing a major havoc in Chadra valley in 1936. Bada Shigri glacier was conquered by all women mountaineers in 1956. It was further successfully trekked by Stephenson in 1956. There are number of prominent glaciers in Chandra valley in Lahaul. Some of them are Chhota Shigri ( means Small Glacier ), Kulti, Shpting, Pacha, Ding Karmo, Tapn, Gyephang, Bolunag, Shili and Shamundri. Gyephang is the chief deity of Lahaul valley and the Gyephang glacier is named after him. It is full of snow all the year. It is considered as the Manimahesh of Lahaul.



Chandra Nahan Glacier



It is located on the South-Eastern slopes of the main Himalaya in the area to the North-West of Rohru in Himachal Pradesh. Chandra Nahan Glacier is also aided by various small tributary glaciers. The famous Chandra Nahan lake lies in it and it feeds the river Pabbar. Chandra Nahan lake is accessible only to experienced trekkers and fed by a series of springs. Chandra Nahan glacier is surrounded by high rising peaks. The elevation of Chandra Nahan glacier is more than 6,000 meters.

Bhadal Glacier



Bhadal glacier is located on the South-Western slopes of the Pir Panjal range in the Bara Banghal area of Kangra district. It feeds the river Bhadal. Bhadal river rises from the snowy range of the area lying between the Pir Panjal and Dhauladhar ranges. Bhadal river's catchment is made up of U shaped valleys, waterfalls, moraines, cirques and towering peaks. This river is one of the main tributaries of the river Ravi. The size of Bhadal glacier suddenly grows up because of rapid and heavy snowfall.
Bhaga Glacier:- It is located on the slopes of the main Himalayan range in Lahaul area. This glacier feeds the river Bhaga. U shaped valleys, waterfalls, glaciers and moraines characterizes the upper catchments of the Bhaga river. The entire tract is devoid of a vegetative cover. The discharge of this river increases during the summer months, when the snow on the high mountains start melting. Bhaga Glacier is surrounded by high snow-clad peaks from all sides. Bhaga glacier is 25 km. long. The other important glaciers of Bhaga valley are Lady of Keylong, Mukkila, Milang and Gangstang.

The Lady of Keylong



The Lady of Keylong glacier is very popular among visitors. The name 'Lady of Keylong' was given by 'Lady Elashainghday' about a century ago during British ruling. The glacier is situated at an altitude of about 6,061 meters and it can be seen clearly from Keylong. It remains covered with snow throughout the year. But in the middle, there is seen a dark bare patch that looks like the figure of a womam, walking with a load on her back. It is also recorded as 'Lady of Keylong' by the geological survey team of India.

Other Glaciers

Mukkila Glacier



It is situated at the height of about 6,478 meters. It is located in Bhaga valley. Its impression is awesome.



Sonapani
It was first surveyed by Walker and Pascoe in 1906. It is visible from the Rohtang Pass. It is about 6 km. from the confluence of Kulti Nala.



Gora Glacier
It has receded in the recent past due to a unstable mass balance. It lies in the South facing slopes of the main Himalayan range.



Perad Glacier



The Perad glacier is small and easily accessible and it is near Putiruni. It also has a nice cave.



Parbati and Dudhon
These glaciers are located in district Kullu. Both glaciers are 15 km. long. They feed the Parbati river.



Beas Kund
It feeds the river Beas and is located on the South facing slopes of the towering Pir Panjal near the world famous Rohtang Pass.


FAMOUS PEAKS IN HIMACHAL PRADESH




1. Shilla 7,025 Kinnaur
2. Leo Pargial 6,791 Kinnaur
3. Shipki 6,068 Kinnaur
4. Manerang 6,597 Spiti
5. Mulkila 6,520 Lahaul - Spiti
6. Kinner Kailash 6,500 Kinnaur
7. Jorkaden 6,473 Kinnaur
8. Dibibokri 6,400 Kullu

Pyramid
9. Gyephang 6,400 Lahaul - Spiti
10. Phawarang 6,350 Kinnaur
11. Shigrila 6,230 Lahaul - Spiti
12. Indrasan 6,220 Kullu - Manali
13. Shikhar Beh 6,200 Lahaul - Spiti

14. Mukar Beh 6,070 Lahaul - Spiti

15. Gepang Goh 6,050 Lahaul - Spiti

16. Deo Tibba 6,001 Kullu

17. Solang 5,975 Kullu

18. Pir Panjal 5,972 Chamba

19. Maiwa 5,944 Kullu

Kandinoo

20. Hanuman 5,860 Kullu - Kangra

Tibba
21. Bara Kanda 5,860 Bharmaur

(Chamba)
22. Pishu 5,672 Kinnaur
23. Kailash 5,660 Bharmaur

( Chamba )
24. Saltu-Da-Par 5,650 Lahaul - Spiti
25. Gushu 5,607 Kinnaur
26. Raldang 5,499 Kinnaur
27. Shitindhar 5,290 Kullu
28. Srikhanda 5,182 Kullu
29. Thamsar 5,080 Chamba
30. Lachalunga 5,060 Lahaul - Spiti
31. Murangla 5,060 Lahaul - Spiti
32. Shringla 4,999 Lahaul - Spiti
33. Inder Kila 4,940 Kullu
34. Pin Parbati 4,800 Kullu

6 comments:

kierkezen said...

Elsewhere in your blog you have rightly mentioned Leo Pargiyal as the highest peak in Himachal; it is still appearing erroneously as Shilla here...Kindly correct the mistake...And ya..you have a wonderful blog...Thnks

Anonymous said...

It needs a lot of courage nd a lot of time nd planning to visit these places.........im planning from the last 2 years but not able to go....only lucky persons can reach these places.....best of luck for ur next visit.....

Himachal Tourism said...

Thank you for providing us information about these beautiful peaks. Himachal pradesh is really a very beautiful place to visit. Himachal Tourism is the best option for tourism in India.

Himachal Tourism said...

Nice and informative blog post about himachal pradesh. Himachal Pradesh is really a very wonderful place to visit in North India. One should visit the place once in their lifetime.Himachal Tourism

Manali Hotels said...

Thanks for providing a good information about Manali. Manali is a very beautiful place to visit in north india. one should visit there once in their lifetime.
Manali Hotels

Kamal Thakur said...

Wikipedia lists Reo Purgyil as the highest peak.. but i read in some places that Gya happens to be the highest peak..

confusion!