“In the hundred of ages of the mankind, I could not expound the glory of Himalayas, where Shiva lives. Just as the drop of dew dries with the first ray of the sunlight so are the sins of mankind by mere sight of Himachal.” __Sikhand purana
Himalayas – the charisma is being acclaimed worldwide. History marks that the foothills of Himachal were inhabited by the people from the Indus valley civilization which flourished between 2700 and 1750BC. In eastern Himachal, in the area that is now Lahaul, Kinnaur and Spiti, dwelled the Chamangs and Damanags. It was around that time that an offshoot of the Aryan race, the Khashas, entered the Himachal arena and became the new masters of the land. Another phase of migration took place with the coming of the Bhotas and Kiratas, the Mongoloids.
The vast Mauryan Empire of old (4th to 2nd BC) extended its boundaries well into Himachal. Chandragupta’s grandson, Ashoka (3rd BC), even introduced Buddhism in here and erected many stupas. One of those stupas existed in Kullu Valley, which the Chinese traveler Hiuen Tsang (630-645AD) talks about in his writings.
After the Mauryas, the land came to be ruled by petty chiefs known as Thakurs and Ranas. Their states were small in size and boundaries constantly changing due to wars with neighbors. (Of course they also never united in the face of outside invasions.) However, in Mandi and the adjoining areas of Suket (present day Sundernagar) and Kullu, these Ranas and Thakurs were quite powerful and retained their independence for a long time.
The next great king after the Mauryans to establish an empire of worth was Harshavardhana (early 7th century). Most of the small states in H.P. acknowledged his overall supremacy.
Then came the beginning of foreign invasions, Kangra fort was mercilessly looted by Mahmud of Ghazni in 1009 and many more such attacks followed. Muhammad Tughlaq captured the fort in 1337 while his successor, Firoz Shah Tughlaq, held his sway over it in 1351.
In the early 16th century Mughal influence was beginning to be felt in Chamba and Kangra. Sadly the states were quarrelling between themselves thus making things even more complicated for them. The Mughal armies finally barged into the Kangra fort in 1620, and Jahangir (ruled 1605-27) went visiting there two years later. But the Mughals left it at that, for they were a non-interfering lot in these hills.
Between 1700-1800AD Parallel happenings included declaration of independence by many nawabs, rajas and kings all over India. The Gurkhas (under Prithvi Narayan Shah), Sikhs (under Ranjit Singh in Punjab) and the East India Company (under Richard Colley Wellesley) were becoming increasingly powerful. The Gurkhas now invaded Kangra, capturing some of the territories under Sansar, who went into hiding in his fort and stayed there for four years until Ranjit Singh came to his aid. Ranjit Singh defeated Amar Singh Thapa and the poor Gurkhas had to turn their attention to Bushahr and Rampur.
Shimla, The nostalgia of British was discovered in 1814, since then she has witnessed incalculable moments which decided the fate of India in history. The bygone past can be still felt in the air along with the tasteful mixture of architecture from all around the world. From Gothic to Tudor and Scottish Baronial to Bavarian these buildings still reminds about glorious past of the town.
Crowned with western Himalayan range in backdrops and crested with an ancient temple on the top, Shali peak is the highest peak in the vicinity of Shimla. The peak is clearly visible from Shimla town, as one stroll on the famous walking pedestrian Ridge.
Bhajji was a princely state in India. Until 1947, it was not part of British India but was subject to the suzerainty of the British crown. Village of Deola used to fall under the rule of the princely state of Bhajji. The Rana of Pal dynasty was the ruler of Bhajji state with its territorial limits up-to 243 km2. The Capital of state was Suni, based near the banks of River Sutlej with a grand Palace for the royal family.
BHAJJI (Princely State) Founded in the tenth century by the younger brother of the Raja of Kutlehar.
AREA 243 km2
PRIVY PURSE Rs. 16,000
ACCESSION: 15th April 1948
STATE: Himachal Pradesh
Shali Heights, a Himalayan home stay.
Housed at the base of Shali peak is the small village of Deola, comprising of 30 houses built in traditional ‘pahari’ style, with thatched walls and slate roofs. The hardship of life is exposed by the valleys designed with traditional step farms on the slopes and local farmer practice indigenous farming since centuries. This elevation is ideal to grow varieties of cereals, pulses, fruits, vegetables and spices. The natural bouncy houses wide varieties of typical Himalayan flora and fauna.
Shali Heights is a Himalayan home-stay 35 km north of Shimla. The house consists of two well appointed spacious rooms with modernly designed wash rooms, a drawing room offering a stunning view of Shali peak and adjoining hamlets. We serve local vegetarian cuisines (Home grown lentil, pulses, and vegetables with aromatic spices).
Shali Heights is a home in the mountains, best to experience Himalayan cultural warmth and lifestyle. Nature trails, trek up-to Shali peak, mountain biking and river rafting trips suits adventure enthusiasts. The mesmerizing aura inspires writers, painters and thinkers giving freedom to their thoughts and imaginations. The place also aspires to relax and rejuvenate those who intend to escape the frantic urban life.
Shimla railway station: 39km
Shimla, the main shopping center: 37km
Nearest bus stop: 100m